The Most Ultimate Sport  完美拋物線:飛盤爭奪賽

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2016/01/05 第228期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱

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The Most Ultimate Sport  完美拋物線:飛盤爭奪賽

  In the mid-1960s, the students of Amherst College in Massachusetts developed a game that would represent the free-spirited attitude of the times. They created a simple game that did not have referees, but rather encouraged sportsmanship and fair play. The students combined the concepts of football, soccer, and basketball, but used a Frisbee instead of a ball for passing and scoring. Not long afterwards, this little game became Ultimate Frisbee.
  Ultimate Frisbee is easy to learn with only a few rules to follow. Teams can have five to seven players, depending on the size of the field. Teams can advance the Frisbee by passing or tossing it to another team member. Players, however, are not allowed to travel with the Frisbee. Passes that are intercepted or dropped will force a turnover to the other team. The team that has scored the most points after 100 minutes or reaches 17 points first wins. As of 2012, there were more than five million players across the United States and many more around the world playing in leagues. Newcomers to the game are often reminded that they are not just simply throwing a Frisbee around: they are playing the game of Ultimate Frisbee.


 

   六○年代中期,美國麻州安默斯特學院的學生研發出了一種代表該時代奔放不羈態度的比賽。他們創造了一種不需要裁判,而且極為鼓勵運動家精神以及公平競爭的比賽。這些學生們把美式足球、足球以及籃球的概念結合在一起,但卻是使用飛盤而非球類來傳遞以及得分。不久之後,這項小型的比賽就成了飛盤爭奪賽。
  飛盤爭奪賽這項比賽很容易學且只需遵守幾項規則。根據比賽場地的大小,隊伍可以有五到七位選手。隊伍可以傳遞或投擲飛盤給另一位隊友的方式讓飛盤向前推進。但是選手不能帶著飛盤行進。傳飛盤時若遭攔截或者掉落則會迫使發球權易手。在一百分鐘內得最多分的或者是首先取得十七分的隊伍勝出。截至 2012 年,全美國有五百多萬個選手在聯賽中參賽,而世界各地則有更多人參賽。比賽的新手們常常被提醒他們不是單純地把飛盤丟來丟去:他們是在進行飛盤爭奪賽。

 
  1. develop vt. & vi. 發展
    The scientists developed a new technique to treat the disease.
    科學家們發展出一種新技術來治療該疾病。
    * technique n. 技術,技巧
  2. represent vt. 代表
    This gift represents my feelings for you and everything you’ve done for me.
    這件禮物代表了我對你的情感以及你為我所做的一切。
  3. not A but rather B 不是 A 而是 B
    The problem is not their lack of money, but rather their lack of planning.
    問題不是在於他們缺錢,而是在於他們缺乏計劃。
  4. instead of…  而非……
    Simon decided to buy an apartment instead of renting one.
    賽門決定買下一間公寓,而不是去租一間。
  5. score vi. & vt. (比賽或考試)得分
    The basketball team scored six points in the final minute of the game.
    那支籃球隊在最後一分鐘的比賽裡得了六分。
  6. depend on…  視……而定,取決於……
    Whether Laura goes to the movie or not depends on her schedule.
    蘿拉會不會去看電影得視她的行程而定。
  7. advance vt. & vi. 使向前移動,前進
    A herd of elephants advanced slowly.
    一群大象緩慢地前進。
  8. drop vt.(使)落下
    I accidentally dropped my glasses and broke them.
    我不小心把眼鏡掉下來並把它摔碎了。
  1. ultimate a. 終極的;最終的
  2. disc n. 圓盤物
  3. referee n. 裁判
  4. sportsmanship n. 運動家精神
  5. concept n. 概念
  6. intercept vt. 攔截
  7. turnover n.(體育比賽中)換手
  8. newcomer n. 新手

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