Live Free or Die 2  原始拓荒客 第二季

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Live Free or Die 2  原始拓荒客 第二季

by Ivy Liu

People are rejecting their mainstream lives to survive out in nature.
人們拒絕過他們的主流生活,為的是要在大自然中求生存。

  In the modern way of life, people toil away at work or sit at school for hours on end. In their moments of free time, their eyes are glued to brightly lit screens. The financial and social pressures that society creates, like having money, a career, adequate food, or fancy gadgets, engage people in an endless spiral. In turn, they might find themselves longing for a connection with nature, whether through hiking, taking a walk by a river, or camping. Some are taking this longing to the extreme by trading their modern lives for a primitive lifestyle.
  A National Geographic Channel (NGC) series called Live Free or Die 2 follows the lives of six people in America who are part of a subculture called rewilding. You may have heard of rewilding through Christopher McCandless, whose story is recorded in the best-selling nonfiction novel Into the Wild. The idea is to be self-sufficient and live completely off the land in remote areas. In the show, some have built their homes from what they could find in nature. They even hunt, forage, and grow their own food when they need to. Without refrigeration, heat, running water, or electricity, they have to focus all of their efforts on surviving every day. However, they’re happy living freely on their own terms.
  To be a rewilder is obviously no easy task. One must acquire years’ worth of skills and training to be fully self-sufficient. Each member of the latest season of Live Free or Die 2 has their own set of skills that helps them utilize their surroundings. They must come up with innovative solutions to every obstacle Mother Nature throws at them, such as dealing with harsh weather and finding sources of food, while avoiding the convenience of technology. Learn how to live out in the wild this month on NGC’s Live Free or Die 2.

 
  1. reject vt. 拒絕……
    同: turn down… / turn… down
    The school rejected Amy’s application because it wasn’t completed properly.
    那所學校拒絕了艾咪的申請,因為申請程序並不完整。
  2. mainstream a. 主流的 & n. 主流
  3. adequate a. 足夠的,適當的
    You need adequate sleep, or else your health will suffer.
    你需要足夠的睡眠,否則你的健康會受損。
  4. spiral n. 螺旋 & a. 螺旋的
    衍: in a(n) downward / upward spiral  不斷減少/增加
    Ever since John retired, his health has been in a downward spiral.
    自從約翰退休以後,他的健康情況就一直在下滑。
    *downward a. 向下的
  5. primitive a. 原始的;早期的
    The tribespeople in the mountain area still live a primitive life.
    該山區的部落居民仍過著原始的生活。
  6. self-sufficient a. 自給自足的
    sufficient a. 充份的,足夠的
    Leo leads a self-sufficient life on his farm.
    里歐在自己的農場過著自給自足的生活。
  7. forage vi. 覓食
    衍: forage for…  尋找……(食物)
    Stray dogs often forage for food in the alley behind the night market.
    流浪狗常在夜市後面的巷子裡覓食。
  8. utilize vt. 利用
    The diplomat utilized her negotiation skills to end the crisis between the two countries.
    那位外交官運用她的談判技巧化解了兩國之間的危機。
    *negotiation n. 談判,交涉
  9. obstacle n. 阻礙(之後常接介詞 to)
    同: barrier n.
    = hindrance n.
    Gina’s biggest obstacle is her fear of heights.
    吉娜最大的障礙就是她的懼高症。
    Laziness is an obstacle / a barrier / a hindrance to success.
    懶惰是成功的絆腳石。
  1. toil away  辛勤工作
    toil vi. 勞動 & n. 辛勞
    Having toiled away in the garage all afternoon, I took a bath and listened to some relaxing music.
    整個下午在車庫辛勤工作後,我泡個澡並聽些輕鬆的音樂。
    It’s a shame that Dennis has achieved nothing after years of toil.
    很遺憾丹尼斯經過幾年的勞苦後卻沒有什麼成就。
  2. for hours / days / weeks / months… + on end  
    連續數小時/天/星期/月等(不與數字並用)
    比較 一段時間 + in a row  連續……一段時間(與數字並用)
    We have worked overtime for weeks on end to finish the job.
    我們已經連續加班好幾個星期來完成這項工作。
    It snowed for three days in a row when I was on vacation in Japan last winter.
    去年冬天我到日本度假時一連下了三天的雪。
  3. be glued to…  緊盯著……看
    glue vt. 使緊盯(常用被動)& n. 膠水
    Tommy is glued to the TV whenever cartoons are on.
    卡通片一播放,湯米就盯著電視不放。
  4. engage sb in…  使某人加入……中
    衍: engage in…  參與……;從事……
    engage vt. & vi.(使)從事;(使)忙於
    Willy acted coldly when I tried to engage him in conversation.
    當我試著跟威利攀談時,他卻表現得很冷淡。
    The psychiatrist advised Jay to engage himself in more social activities.
    該精神科醫師建議小杰參與更多的社交活動。
    *psychiatrist n. 精神科醫師
  5. long for N  渴望……
    同: yearn for N
    = be longing / yearning / eager for…
    My father longs for the days when life was much simpler.
    我爸爸渴望能過以往那種純樸許多的日子。
  6. live off…  靠……生活
    Most people on the island live off the sea.
    這座島上大部份的人都靠海維生。
  7. on one’s own terms  按照某人自己的方式
    Doris decided to live her life on her own terms.
    桃麗絲決定依照自己的方式生活。
  8. come up with…  想出……(方法、點子等)
    I’ve come up with a plan that will save you hundreds of NT dollars a day.
    我想出一個計劃,可以讓你一天省下新臺幣好幾百塊。

Live Free or Die  不自由毋寧死
(1775 年由美國政治家 Patrick Henry 提出,法國大革命後流行於世)
gadget n.(科技)小玩意
subculture n. 次文化
rewilding n. 野化
nonfiction n.(虛構)非小說類(集合名詞,不可數)
refrigeration n. 冷藏

原始拓荒客 第二季
人們拒絕過他們的主流生活,為的是要在大自然中求生存。
  在現代的生活方式裡,大家辛勤地工作著或是在學校連續坐著好幾個小時。在他們的空閒片刻,眼睛都緊盯著明亮的螢幕。這個社會所造成的像是有錢、有事業、有充足食物或花俏別緻小玩意的這種財務與社會壓力,讓大家無止盡地忙得團團轉。因此,他們可能會發現自己渴望與大自然有所連結,無論是透過健行、在河堤散步,或是露營。有些人用自己的現代生活換取原始的生活型態,將這份渴望發揮到最極致。
  國家地理頻道(NGC)中名為《原始拓荒客 第二季》的系列節目跟隨著六個人在美國的生活,他們屬於被稱為野化的次文化當中的一部份。你可能因為克里斯多夫.麥肯迪尼斯這個人而聽過野化,他的故事被記錄在暢銷紀實小說《走入荒野》(又譯《阿拉斯加之死》)一書當中。這個想法即是自給自足並且完全生活於偏遠的陸地上。節目中,有一些人已經藉由他們能在大自然中找到的材料打造了自己的家。他們甚至在必要時去打獵、覓食,以及種植他們自己的糧食。沒有冷藏、熱能、自來水和電力,他們每天必須將所有的精力專注在存活下去這件事上。然而,他們樂於按照他們自己的方式無拘無束地生活。
  要成為一個野化者顯然不是件簡單的任務。一個人必須要有多年積累的技能和訓練才能完全自給自足。《原始拓荒客 第二季》最新一季中的每位成員都有自己的一套能幫助他們善用環境的技能。他們必須想出創新的解決方法來克服大自然丟給他們的每一個障礙,像是應付惡劣天氣以及找尋食物來源,同時也要避免運用科技所帶來的便利。在本月國家地理頻道的《原始拓荒客 第二季》單元中,來了解野外生存之道吧。

 
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